Significance of Belt Colours and Patterns

Signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwondo.

Signifies Earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwondo foundation is being laid.

Signifies the plant's growth as the Taekwondo skill begins to develop.

Signifies the heaven, towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwondo progresses.

Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

Opposite of white, therefore, signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwondo. It also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.


Meaning of Patterns


Chon-Ji  The literal meaning of Chon-ji is "Heaven and Earth," which in the orient symbolizes the creation of the world and the beginning of human history. The pattern consists of two similar parts: one part representing heaven and the other earth. Stances and techniques in this pattern comprise the basic movements required for mastery of all others patterns. (19 movements)

Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 BC (21 movements)

Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938).  The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement. (24 movements)

Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD (28 movements)

Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”.  The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38o latitude and diagram represents “scholar”. (38 movements)

Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910). (32 movements)

Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism.  The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37o latitude, the diagram represents “scholar”. (37 movements)

Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century.  The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity. (29 movements)

Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty.  He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine.  The reason why this pattern ends with a left-hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. (30 movements)

Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria.  The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory.  The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 AD, the year he came to the throne. (39 movements)

Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong- Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean.  He was also a pioneer in the field of physics.  The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty. (36 movements)

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